AskDefine | Define upset

Dictionary Definition

upset adj
1 afflicted with or marked by anxious uneasiness or trouble or grief; "too upset to say anything"; "spent many disquieted moments"; "distressed about her son's leaving home"; "lapsed into disturbed sleep"; "worried parents"; "a worried frown"; "one last worried check of the sleeping children" [syn: disquieted, distressed, disturbed, worried]
2 thrown into a state of disarray or confusion; "troops fleeing in broken ranks"; "a confused mass of papers on the desk"; "the small disordered room"; "with everything so upset" [syn: broken, confused, disordered]
3 used of an unexpected defeat of a team favored to win; "the Bills' upset victory over the Houston Oilers" [syn: upset(a)]
4 mildly physically distressed; "an upset stomach"
5 having been turned so that the bottom is no longer the bottom; "an overturned car"; "the upset pitcher of milk"; "sat on an upturned bucket" [syn: overturned, upturned]

Noun

1 an unhappy and worried mental state; "there was too much anger and disturbance"; "she didn't realize the upset she caused me" [syn: disturbance, perturbation]
2 the act of disturbing the mind or body; "his carelessness could have caused an ecological upset"; "she was unprepared for this sudden overthrow of their normal way of living" [syn: derangement, overthrow]
3 condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; "the doctor prescribed some medicine for the disorder"; "everyone gets stomach upsets from time to time" [syn: disorder]
4 a tool used to thicken or spread (the end of a bar or a rivet etc.) by forging or hammering or swaging [syn: swage]
5 the act of upsetting something; "he was badly bruised by the upset of his sled at a high speed" [syn: overturn, turnover]
6 an improbable and unexpected victory; "the biggest upset since David beat Goliath" [syn: overturn]

Verb

1 disturb the balance or stability of; "The hostile talks upset the peaceful relations between the two countries"
2 cause to lose one's composure [syn: discompose, untune, disconcert, discomfit]
3 move deeply; "This book upset me"; "A troubling thought" [syn: disturb, trouble]
4 cause to overturn from an upright or normal position; "The cat knocked over the flower vase"; "the clumsy customer turned over the vase"; "he tumped over his beer" [syn: overturn, tip over, turn over, knock over, bowl over, tump over]
5 form metals with a swage [syn: swage]
6 defeat suddenly and unexpectedly; "The foreign team upset the local team" [also: upsetting]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

up + set

Pronunciation

* , /ˈʌpsεt/, /"VpsEt/
  • * , /ʌpˈsεt/, /Vp"sEt/
    Rhymes: -ɛt

Adjective

  1. Of a person, angry, distressed or unhappy.

Synonyms

Translations

angry, distressed, unhappy

Noun

  1. Disturbance or disruption.
    My late arrival caused the professor considerable upset.
  2. (sports) An unexpected victory of a competitor that was not favored.
    The Nimrods defeated the Blue Devils yesterday in a stunning upset.
  3. (automobile insurance) An overturn.
    "collision and upset": impact with another object or an overturn for whatever reason.

Translations

disturbance, disruption
sports: unexpected victory of a competitor

Verb

  1. To make (a person) angry, distressed, or unhappy.
    I’m sure the bad news will upset him, but he needs to know.
  2. To disturb, disrupt or adversely alter (something).
    Introducing a foreign species can upset the ecological balance.
  3. To tip or overturn (something).
    • 1924: ARISTOTLE. Metaphysics. Translated by W. D. Ross. Nashotah, Wisconsin, USA: The Classical Library, 2001. Available at: . Book 1, Part 9.
      But this argument, which first Anaxagoras and later Eudoxus and certain others used, is very easily upset; for it is not difficult to collect many insuperable objections to such a view.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

make (a person) angry, distressed or unhappy
disturb, disrupt, unfavorably alter
tip, overturn

Extensive Definition

Upset is a term used when referring to a competition, frequently in electoral politics or sports. When an upset occurs, the party popularly expected to win (the favourite) is defeated by an underdog the majority expects to lose, defying the conventional wisdom.

Examples of major upsets in politics

Examples of major upsets in sports

First "upset" victory

1919 - Horse racing - The term "upset" is thought to derive from a horse of the same name. In the 1919 Sanford Memorial Stakes, 7-2 longshot Upset handed favorite Man o' War the only loss of the stallion's career. Man o' War suffered an uncharacteristically poor start; while he was turned around in the melee behind the starting line, the tape was sprung. Man o' War "was almost left at the post," the Louisville Courier-Journal reported.* Though the champion had enough power to correct this error and gained ground gamely to attain third place on the inside rail in the last eighth, the second mistake could not be surmounted and led to his defeat. Johnny Loftus on Man o' War may have waited just a few seconds too long to make his move on the backstretch turn, where Man o' War was blocked in by other horses, including Upset. Loftus was cleared of charges but the following year the Jockey Club refused to renew his jockey's license.
  • (This was before mechanical starting gates were widely used. Horses circled behind the starting line, then lined up behind a cord strung across the track, which was jerked out of the way when the race starter dropped a flag. Race courses which do not use a starting gate still use this method today. Steeplechase races do this due to the high number of starters.)
2002 - George Thompson, a lexicographic researcher, used the full-text online search capabilities of the New York Times databases to disprove this claimed coinage. The verb to upset and the noun upset, were traced to the years 1865 and 1877, respectively. http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/upset

References

upset in Portuguese: Zebra (futebol)

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abash, abashed, abroad, addle, addle the wits, adrift, afflict, afflicted, afraid, agitate, agitated, agitation, ail, all up with, all-overs, amiss, angry, angst, answer, answer conclusively, anxiety, anxiety hysteria, anxiety neurosis, anxious bench, anxious concern, anxious seat, anxiousness, apprehension, apprehensive, apprehensiveness, argue down, askew, astray, at sea, awry, baffle, bafflement, balk, balking, ball up, balled-up, be lost, beat, beat up, beaten, becloud, bedazzle, befuddle, befuddlement, belied, bend, beset, bested, bewilder, bewildered, bewilderment, blast, bloodless revolution, bluster, bobbery, boil, boiling, bother, botheration, bothered, bottom side up, bouleversement, brave, brawl, breakdown, breakup, broil, brouhaha, bug, bugger up, burden, bustle, cacophony, cankerworm of care, capsizal, capsize, capsized, care, careen, cast down, cataclysm, catastrophe, chagrin, chagrined, challenge, chaos, chaotic, chapfallen, check, checkmate, churn, churn up, circumvent, clean slate, clean sweep, cloud, clueless, cockeyed, commotion, complete answer, computer revolution, concern, concernment, confound, confounded, confounding, confoundment, confront, confuse, confused, confusion, confutation, confute, confuted, conquer, conquest, contradict, contradiction, contravene, controversion, controvert, conturbation, convulse, convulsed, convulsion, counter, counteract, countermand, counterrevolution, counterwork, cross, crush, crushed, culbute, culbuter, curve, dash, dashed, daze, dazzle, debacle, debilitate, deck, defeat, defeated, deflated, defy, demolish, demolition, demoralize, demoralized, denial, denied, deny, deposal, derange, deranged, derangement, destroy, dilemma, disarrange, disarranged, disarrangement, disarray, disarticulation, disbalance, discarded, discombobulate, discombobulation, discomfit, discomfited, discomfiture, discomfort, discomforted, discompose, discomposed, discomposure, disconcert, disconcerted, disconcertedness, disconcertion, disconcertment, discountenance, discredited, discrediting, disequilibrate, dish, disharmony, dishevel, dishevelment, disintegration, disjunction, dislocated, dislodgment, dismay, dismayed, dismiss, dismissed, disorder, disordered, disorderliness, disorderly, disorganization, disorganize, disorganized, disorient, disorientation, disoriented, dispose of, disproportion, disproved, disputed, disquiet, disquieted, disquietude, disrupt, disruption, distract, distracted, distraught, distress, distressed, disturb, disturbance, disturbed, done for, done in, down, downfall, dread, ebullition, effective rejoinder, electrify, elude, embarrass, embarrassed, embarrassment, embroil, embroilment, enigma, entangle, entropy, excite, excited, excitement, exploded, exposed, fall, fallen, fanaticism, fear, ferment, fermentation, fever, feverish, feverishness, fidgets, fidgety, finish, fix, fixed, flap, floor, floored, flummox, flurried, flurry, fluster, flustered, flutter, flutteration, fluttered, fog, foil, foiling, foment, fomentation, foofaraw, foreboding, forebodingness, founder, frazzle, freaked out, frenzy, fret, frighten, frightened, frustrate, frustration, fuck up, fuddle, fuddlement, fume, furious, furor, furore, fury, fuss, fussed, give concern, go down, guessing, gum up, haphazardness, haywire, haze, honeycomb, hors de combat, hubbub, hung up, hurly-burly, ill at ease, impugned, in a fix, in a jumble, in a maze, in a pickle, in a pother, in a pucker, in a scrape, in a stew, in a sweat, in a swivet, in a tizzy, in disorder, incapacitate, incoherence, indiscriminateness, indispose, inharmonious harmony, inquietude, interfere with, invalid, invalidated, invert, inverted, irate, irregularity, jam, jar, jitters, jittery, jolt, jumble, jumbled, jumpiness, jumpy, keel, keel over, knock down, knock galley-west, knock over, knock the chocks, lambasted, lathered, lay up, licked, load with care, lost, mad, maelstrom, malaise, maze, mazed, mess, mess up, misgiving, misplaced, mist, mix up, moider, moil, mortified, mortify, most admired disorder, muddle, muddled, muddlement, mystery, negated, negatived, nerviness, nervosity, nervous, nervous strain, nervous tension, nervousness, nervy, neurasthenic, nonplus, nonsymmetry, nonuniformity, off the track, on the fritz, on the skids, out of countenance, out of gear, out of joint, out of kelter, out of kilter, out of order, out of place, out of tune, out of whack, outdone, overanxiety, overbalance, overborne, overcome, overexcited, overmaster, overmastered, overmatch, overmatched, overpower, overpowered, overridden, overset, overthrow, overthrowal, overthrown, overturn, overturned, overwhelm, overwhelmed, overwrought, paddle, palace revolution, pandemonium, panicked, parry, passion, perplex, perplexed, perplexity, perturb, perturbate, perturbation, perturbed, pickle, pins and needles, pitchpole, plight, pother, predicament, problem, promiscuity, promiscuousness, prostrate, prostrated, prostration, psych, psych out, pucker, punctured, put off, put out, put to it, put to rout, put to silence, put-out, put-upon, puzzle, puzzlement, quandary, queasy, racket, radical change, rage, raise hell, randomness, rattle, rattled, rebut, rebuttal, reduce to silence, reduced to jelly, refutal, refutation, refute, refuted, rejected, restless, restlessness, reverse, reversed, revolt, revolute, revolution, revolutionary war, revolutionize, revulsion, riddle, rile, ripple, rock, rock the boat, roil, roily, rout, routed, row, ruckus, ruffle, ruffled, ruin, ruined, rummage, rumple, rumpus, sabotage, sap, sap the foundations, scare, scared, scattered, scotch, scrape, screw up, scuttle, seethe, seething, send flying, settle, settled, shake, shake up, shaken, shaken up, shock, shook, shot, shot to pieces, shown up, shuffle, shuffled, shut up, sick, sicken, silence, silenced, sink, skew, skinned, skinned alive, smash all opposition, snarl up, solicitude, somersault, somerset, spasm, spike, spill, spoil, spook, squash, squelch, stagger, stampeded, stew, stir, stir up, stirred up, stonewall, storminess, strain, stricken, striking alteration, stump, subversion, subvert, suffer, surmount, surprise, suspense, sweat, sweeping change, swirl, swivet, tabula rasa, technological revolution, tempestuousness, tension, thrash, thrashing, throw, throw down, throw into confusion, throw off balance, throw over, thwart, thwarting, tip over, tizzy, to-do, topple, topple over, toppled, topsy-turvify, topsy-turvy, total change, transilience, trepidation, trepidity, trimmed, trip, trip up, triumph, triumph over, trouble, troubled, troublous, trounced, tumble, tumult, tumultuation, tumultuousness, turbid, turbidity, turbulence, turbulent, turmoil, turn, turn a somersault, turn over, turn topsy-turvy, turn turtle, turn upside down, turned around, turnover, twitter, unassuredness, unbalance, unbrace, uncomfortable, undermine, undermining, undo, undone, unease, uneasiness, uneasy, unglued, unhinge, unhorsing, unman, unmanned, unnerve, unnerved, unpeaceful, unplacement, unquiet, unquietness, unrest, unsaddling, unseating, unsettle, unsettled, unsettlement, unstring, unstrung, unsymmetry, ununiformity, upend, upheaval, uproar, upset the boat, upsetting, upside down, upturn, vanquish, vexation, victory, violent change, weaken, whelmed, whip, whip up, whipped, whisk, wildness, without a clue, work up, worried, worry, worst, worsted, zeal, zealousness
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